Team 10


Team 10 consists of a number of exacting architects from diverse European countries who, in the mid 1950s, are instrumental in shaping the debate about architecture and urban planning.

The group, which is an offshoot of the CIAM (Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne), criticises the universal and technocratic approach of the modern movement that evolved after the war, including within the ranks of the CIAM itself and other bodies. According to Team 10, a one-sided functional approach alienates people from their own living environment. Residents, the community, the neighbourhood and traditions are key in an architecture that is systematic, technologically shaped, and modern.

Team 10 arises from the group that organises the tenth CIAM congress in 1956, and includes Peter and Alison Smithson, Jaap Bakema, Shadrach Woods and Georges Candilis. The first meeting under the name Team 10 is held in Bagnols-sur-Cèze, in 1960, the last in Lisbon in 1981, with only five participants.

The meetings are a chance for a critical review of each other’s works and debates on current themes such as the layered city and mobility. The meetings are also pivotal for developing the philosophy of Team 10 and, in contrast to the hierarchical and bureaucratic nature of the CIAM, the Team 10 meetings are informal. Primary importance is given to a group dynamic based on confrontations, affinities and mutual interests. Participants are also invited personally and not, as was the case with the CIAM, via a national representative.


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