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Viervant

Viervant is an 18th century cabinet-making family that hails from Arnhem. The Viervants, and particularly the first generations, are influential representatives of (neo)classicism in the Netherlands.

Paterfamilias Leendert Viervant de Oude, whose two sons (and grandson and nephews) follow in his footsteps as cabinet-maker and stonemason. When his son Hendrik marries Catharina Maria Otten, he becomes the brother-in-law of architect Jacob Otten Husly. Husly is a renowned architect with a small but impressive neo-classical oeuvre. For the son of van Hendrik, Leendert Viervant the Younger, this uncle Jacob is crucial in his development as an architect. The Viervants, and particularly the first generations, are influential representatives of (neo)classicism in the Netherlands.

Hendrik Viervant (1718-1775), son of Leendert de Oude, is a master cabinet-maker in Arnhem. He is thought to have designed a number of buildings in Arnhem, including Bakkerstraat 24, the Zypendaal Villa and the Stadswaag.

Anthonie Viervant (1720-1775), Hendrik’s brother, is a master in the Arnhem cabinet-makers guild. Among other things, he designs the country house on the Hartgersberg in Arnhem (now Sonsbeek House) and the facade of the town hall in Zaltbommel. 

Leendert Viervant de Jonge (1752-1801) is the son of Hendrik. His apprenticed to his uncle Jacob Otten in Amsterdam. In 1769 he appears on the guild register as a master stonemason in Amsterdam in which capacity, he works on the town hall in Weesp (1772) and the Oude Kerk in Amsterdam (1769). He designs the Oval Room at Teylers Museum in Haarlem (1784), and is also involved in the Vaderlandse Sociëteit in the Kalverstraat Amsterdam (1787). In 1798 he is made on the three directors of the City and Public Works Department in Amsterdam. 

Roelof Viervant (1775-1819) is the son of Anthonie. He also works in the workshop of his uncle Jacob in Amsterdam. He makes a variety of designs for garden pavilions, two designs for the facade of a theatre on the Keizersgracht in Amsterdam, a chapel in Gouda, and supplies a design for the country house Sonsbeek in Arnhem. He also makes a new facade for castle Ter Horst in Loenen in the Veluwe. 

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