Carnegieplein 2

Den Haag


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votes: 1

Prijsvraag Vredespaleis

Client: Carnegie Stichting

Designers: Hendricus Petrus Berlage, Willem Kromhout and Hendrik Wijdeveld

In 1903 the American businessman and pacifist Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) provided one-and-a-half million dollars for the construction and maintenance of a building to house the Permanent Court of Arbitration and a library of international law. An international competition was held to find an architect.

The Court is set up to arbitrate in conflicts between different countries, and the building becomes known as the Peace Palace. In 1905 the Carnegie Foundation  holds a competition for the design of the Peace Palace. A select group of nationally and internationally celebrated architects take part in the competition. The entries thus give us insight into the state of international architecture during the period. In a short space of time the jury assesses no fewer than 216 designs by, amongst others, Eliel Saarinen, Otto Wagner, Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Willem Kromhout and Eduard Cuypers. The jury is not particularly impressed by the entries but awards prizes to six architects: L.M. Cordonnier from Lille, A. Marcel from Paris, F. Wendt from Charlottenburg, Otto Wagner from Vienna, Greenley & Olin from New York and F. Schwechten from Berlin.

French Beaux-Arts architect Cordonnier is the eventual winner with a richly embellished design. In 1907 Dutch architect J.A.G. van der Steur is appointed to develop Cordonnier’s design and supervise its construction, assisted by architects Wijdeveld and Slothouwer. This results in a more sober and compact design.

Cordonnier's design occupies a modest place in Dutch architectural history and is widely considered to be very conservative. It is an interesting building, nonetheless, on account of the unique cultural climate in which it took shape rather than of its contemporary design. This was a period in which the pacifist movement was emerging internationally. At the time, Dutch architect K.P.C. de Bazel was also preparing plans for a world capital, and Le Corbusier was designing an international centre of knowledge. A competition for the League of Nations in Geneva (1908) was also staged.


erix commented almost 12 years ago:

Great set of designs. 

Krantenkop commented approximately 11 years ago:

nickname teste

Lonneke commented approximately 9 years ago:

Een vraag... Waar staat het motto S'G bij het prijswinnende ontwerp van Louis Cordonnier voor? Wat is de betekenis ervan?