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Plan for Expanding the Southern Area of Amsterdam

In the early years of the twentieth century, Amsterdam city council ask Berlage to devise a plan to develop the area to the south of the city, between the Schinkel and Amstel rivers.

In 1904 Berlage comes up with an ambitious plan of winding streets that closely interlink with the existing city. Research into the feasibility of the proposal, however, discovers that it is an extremely costly and inefficient plan and Berlage is asked to reconsider, and develop a new idea.

Ten years later, Berlage presents a new plan with narrow ruler-straight streets and long building volumes intersected by a number of broad principle axes. This second plan is far more viable and more efficient. In 1917, the municipal council adopts the plan and it is built between 1917 and 1925. Designed in the style of the Amsterdam School in the Nieuw Zuid area, the plan comprising the Stadionbuurt, the Apollobuurt and the Rivierenbuurt. The  ‘South Plan’ also includes a large portion of the Nieuwe Pijp.

Berlage’s plan is not realised in full. Where he had planned to build a teaching hospital, the housing association De Dageraad builds a large residential complex based on a design by Michel de Klerk and Piet Kramer, which is officially opened in July 1922 by alderman for housing S.R. de Miranda. 

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